Here you can listen to Prof. Mario Hudelist and his way into BJJ. Learn about his philosophie of drilling and improving in BJJ.
Check him out too on Instagramm and Facebook if you want to see new drills every day: look for Mariodrills!!!!
von Prof. Martin Guggi
Trainingsfreie Tage, Tage an denen wir bewusst nicht aktiv trainieren oder vielleicht sogar gar nicht können weil uns eine Verletzung oder Krankheit zur Pause zwingt sind keine verloren Tage.
Immer wieder habe ich festgestellt, dass manche nach einer Verletzung scheinbar stärker zurück kommen als zuvor bzw. die trainingsfreie Zeit keinen Stop für die Weiterentwicklung bedeutet hat!
Doch wie kann das sein? Ein Körper der nicht trainiert kann sich doch nicht verbessern oder doch?
1. Pause bedeut nicht nichts tun: wenn der Körper ruht aber der Geist aktiv bleibt indem er sich neue Ziele steckt, Technik Videos studiert oder Wettkämpfe unter die Lupe nimmt – hilft dies unheimlich seinen Fokus zu erhalten, neu auszurichten oder zu schärfen. Wieder zurück kann man dort weitermachen wo man aufgehört hat, da man in der trainingsfreien Zeit das Ziel nicht aus den Augen verloren hat.
2. Diese Form der geistigen Aktivität ist nichts anderes als mentales Training. Experten auf diesen Gebiet gehen sogar soweit zu behaupten, dass der Körper bis zu einem bestimmten Bereich gar nicht unterscheiden kann ob er selbst aktiv ist oder nur mentale Impulse bekommt… Auf diesem Gebiet steckt bestimmt noch sehr viel Wissenswertes u bedarf intensiverer Beschäftigung.
3. Wir werden nicht besser wenn wir “nur” trainieren. Bewusste Pausen müssen gesetzt werden um den Körper und das Gehirn nach einer intensiven Einheit entfalten u das ganze verarbeiten zu lassen. Dabei kommt es aber darauf an wie wir den Körper Zeit geben! Aktive Erholung, Schlaf, Sauna, motivierende Lektüren oder Gespräche usw. sind sicherlich besser investierte Minuten als Fernsehen oder Computerspiele.
4. Für jeden Sportler ist Training in seiner Sportart vermutlich seine grosse Leidenschaft, doch auch nicht das Einzige was es in dessen Leben gibt. Familie, Freunde oder andere soziale Treffen werden oft vernachlässigt um sportliche Ziele zu erreichen. Trainingsfreie Tage bieten sich hier natürlich an. Mir persönlich ist es aber oft so gegangen, dass es mir an solchen Tagen sogar an Energie fehlt mich mit Freunden zu unterhalten oder einer spannenden Konversation zu folgen.
Ein Training muss uns vieles abverlangen, muss uns fordern, doch wird mit dem richtigen Belastungsreiz es uns nicht zerstören, sondern nach kurzer Zeit Energie freisetzen. Training heisst nicht mir selbst soviel abzuverlangen bis ich mich übergeben muss, sondern einen Reiz zu setzen der mich fordert u dadurch der Körper stärker wird.
Training, dass mich ständig überlastet führt zum Übertraining und nicht zum Aufbau.
Verlangt mein Körper also ständig nach Ruhe oder einer trainingsfreien Zeit sollte ich mir Gedanken über das Training machen. Vielleicht lässt sich ja daran etwas optimieren. Unsere Freunde u Familie haben es nicht verdient wenn wir nur dann mit ihnen Zeit verbringen wenn wir uns erholen u eigentlich keine Energie für sie zur Verfügung haben! Das Leben besteht aus mehr als nur Training u es wird die Zeit kommen wo wir froh sein werden mehr aufgebaut zu haben als nur einen athletischen Körper.
Training besteht aus mehr als der Zeit wo wir trainieren. Auch geplante Pausen, aktive Pausen sollten Teil eines Trainingsplans sein. Dabei heisst es nicht untätig zu sein. Jedoch sollten wir auch immer über genügend Kraft verfügen um auch anderen Aktivitäten bzw. sozialen Kontakten nachzugehen.
Sich so fertig zu machen, dass man regelmäßig ein paar Tage Ruhe braucht, hat nichts mit aufbauendem, intelligentem Training zu tun sondern mit gezieltem Übertraining. Sich zu vernichten ist jedoch oft leichter als kontinuierlich aufzubauen.
Pausen, trainingsfreie Zeiten u Training gehören zusammen sowie Sonne u Regen. Erst wenn ich eine passende Symbiose finde werde ich kontinuierlich Fortschritte machen.
by Prof. Martin Guggi – with the endless support form my friends and trainingpartners Prof. Bert Obernosterer and Markus Miedel
In almost 2 month we are going to host our first BJJ Competition Camp. Although we are all training the whole year round, a competition preparation has to be different than a regular class.
We are satisfied when we can spend a lot of time with what we like. Further our satisfaction even grows when we also get better and improve in our passion. The problem is: It does not matter if we prepare for a competition or go to a regular class, if we drill or watch high-level athletes competing on YouTube – we are somehow always growing and improving. If we have the patience to get going and do not stop doing what we like, we will improve.
As a Coach teaching a regular class during the week I started to think about what my students need to know to improve faster than other students and what technique or knowledge is not important to pass to them? Seeing BJJ growing and hearing from students who became successfully high-level athletes already after 2 years of training, any instructor should ask himself:
It should be a daily “less” and not a daily “more”! We need to filter more and more because if you watch FB, Instagram or YT you see so many nice looking techniques which look great but not all of them are effective or worth spending a lot of time training and drilling them.
Of course, not a lot of student and coaches can train and study all day long, but this does not matter to me because I want to grow as a coach and student and use my time in a good way because otherwise I could also do something else with so much time spent on the mat.
These questions get even more important when students are getting ready for a competition. We always hear the sentence: “Either you win, or you learn!” Having the right mindset is definitely true – but as a coach I have the goal to prepare them to win!
So what is the difference between a regular class and a competition preparation training?
Development and growth are going to happen regardless if people compete or not, but we can definitely reduce the time if people compete on a regular base. In my eyes, competitions help to get more focused in training and to work even more on your strong and weak areas.
In a regular class we teach all students the same technique. We want them to get better in a specific position. But teaching a martial art like BJJ, we do not focus always on competition. Sometimes we have to teach self-defense, conditioning, games to keep the class motivated or areas of the game which you do not need for a competition.
I am sure people will argue with me on the following but if we address the core of our martial art, it is the Submission. I want to submit my partner, right? We are not practicing Judo where the goal is to throw someone on this back, we are not wrestling and trying to pin someone on his back – we are submission fighters and our goal is to make the other one tapping out. This means for me: do we really need to teach so many throws and takedowns to my students when most of the time should be spend on the setups and finishes of a submission? Throws and takedowns can help a lot to dominate the fight but in the end, this cannot be the main focus of our classes. If this would be the main focus it would be called Judo or Wrestling.
Comparing competition training to a regular class I would say that the difference is that we do not want to learn a new technique or position, but we want to find better ways do get used to the techniques we already know.
Observing high level competitors, I am fascinated how they can focus on their game and start to apply their game without wasting a lot of time thinking about the opponent’s game. In competition I definitely need to find a way to make my techniques work. I want the opponent to be constantly worrying about my attacks. In a regular class, even when we roll we are trying to find ways to make our game better and improve it. This means I can let him pass my guard sometimes to work on my defense and escapes. But when I prepare for competition I would say that my first goal must be how to make my A Game work without exposing any of my weaknesses.
Fundaments of the Preparation
Rest time in between fights?
What need to be done to win?
How do I get points, advances?
Sweeping is very important to get points!
No points change the pace of the fight.
2. Single fight or tournament style event
|Tournament Style Event||Single Fight – Superfight|
|Do I know any opponent?
Video footage of any opponent?
Most used techniques in this weight class?
Different weight classes use different styles, techniques, guard forms (Halfguard, Double Guard Pulling, 50/50) …
|What do we know about my opponent?
Where is he good at, where is he bad at?
How did he win the last few times?
What are his favorite submissions?
In which situation does he get dangerous?
3. Strength & Conditioning
One of the first question about strength & conditioning is always: Do we need it? Or is drilling and sparring enough? We all know that there are high level competitors who do not train condition like Marcelo Garcia. But why do we take the exception and think we are also like that. In general – S&C is important and improves everybody’s game. 90% of the people who compete regularly are weight lifting. So, if you train at least once per week and get a stronger body and less injuries, the conditioning works and is going to improve your journey and time as a competitor.
|Is the body of the athlete going to handle the stress of the preparation training?||Is the body of the athlete going to handle the stress of the preparation training?|
|What needs to be done to prevent injuries?||What needs to be done to prevent injuries?|
|How long are the fights? How many?
What endurance does the athlete need to have to make his A Game work?
|How long is the maximum the fight could last?
What type of fighter is my opponent? Explosive, technical, strong?
What endurance does the athlete need to have to make his A Game work?
4. Tactic/ Make a Gameplan out of the arsenal the athlete has!
|If you do not know your opponents, you cannot prepare for their A Games. So, what needs to be done to bring your opponent to your game?
Which move can you plan in advance?
|How to start?
How to bring your opponent out of his comfort zone?
How to fight according to plan A, B and C?
How much time needs to pass by until we switch to plan B?
5. What cannot be planned but is often forgotten – and could be trained too?
|Restarts are going to happen. So, should you train at your gym in a specific fight area? Do not roll around in the whole gym. The ref has to restart you in a position or start the fight in the standing position again.
Guard Pulling or Takedown depend on your tactic and gameplan! Do not get offended when you do not take someone down. You need to finish him and if you want to go for legs or other stuff from bottom than learn how to pull guard without losing points or giving up something.
|You are going to feel tired, it does not matter how well you are prepared. Be ready to feel stress, fear, adrenaline…. This is going to affect you every time you compete. Rolling in the gym is a different feeling! This special competition situation should also be reconstructed at your gym – even if you are never going to feel the intensity of a competition.|
In our regular classes we want to grow our Game. In a Competition Preparation Class, we want to limit our Game – find our A Game – and find ways to apply it to the rule set and our opponent.
Sparring in general but also specific sparring is one of the most useful ways to get ready for a competition! Which options of specific sparring do we have?
Even if we need to attack most of the time we have to train the escapes of positions and submission too. Here is a nice way to train this – could be done every class! The free sparring is something which should be done only on Open Mat or before a Competition. All the other times should be used to progress!
36min of specific defense and attacks:
Specific Sparring for Beginners:
Advanced people are finding 1000 possible ways to drill specific situations. In my eyes a beginner does not see the whole picture.
MAKE A MOVE FOR A REASON!
BJJ is such a beautiful sport with limitless options. But we always need to know why we are trying to achieve the next step. Where to take the fight to start your A Game – to get back to your comfort zone. Sparring is a very stressful situation and so many things can happen in seconds.
That’s why it is good to give Beginners some guidelines:
I think that it is I very important that all students know what kind of training they can aspect. Competition training is not for everyone and not for all the time – this has to be addressed in special classes in our weekly schedule.
All competitors should train together because they all have same the mindset and it can get rough sometimes – which by the way is important too – nobody is going soft on you at a competition. But do not let competitors destroy your regular classes. Competition training is something extra and should not be done with all students together.
by Prof. Martin Guggi
Thanks for feedback, inputs and corrections to Prof. Bert Obernosterer and Coach Markus Miedel!
Not only our school and students have to improve but also us as an instructors and as a Coach or Professor. When I think of improving my school I start thinking at the same time how can I improve as a person. When you are responsible for the preparation and progression of your students you have to work on yourself all the time. At a tournament I take it personally when my students lose because of a technical error. Something inside me is crying seeing my students lose because I did not teach them the right technique or did not address the right situation and I start right after the loss to think about what went wrong in the preparation to this point. What can we do in the next few training sessions to eliminate this problem and be ready for the next tournament?
Everyone who has trained Brazilian Jiu Jitsu has heard about the comparison between BJJ and chess. They are definitely not the same but have some similarities. Being not only an athlete of BJJ but also a Coach of a BJJ team has shown me that coaching is the real human chess. You are the one who is telling your student what to do and helping him on this way getting closer to the win. Good coaching can really help during a BJJ-fight.
Last weekend I had the opportunity to coach some of my guys at a local tournament. When you start realizing that coaching can be an extra tool to influence the fight in your direction you also notice that coaching is a big responsibility and there are a couple of things to avoid.
3 MAIN CALLS
Listening to other coaches and fighters it is easy to find out what not to say.
“Escape the position”, “do something”, “go hard”, “you know what to do”… is something you hear very often. But this does not really help your student. Being stuck in a triangle I am sure he knows that he should escape the position.
What can really change the fight are short and precise instructions. For the most fighters 3 calls are very helpful!
USE SHORT and POSTIVE CALLS
If you have a student who is new to competition these 3 calls are most important. But if the fighter is more advanced and you know his game well then you can tell him much more. A more experienced fighter is going to listen more to you because he is calmer in his head than a beginner. Remember yourself when you stepped on the competition mat for the first time, you have not even heard anything because you were so nervous and full of adrenaline.
Having more experienced fighters means you spend more time with them on and of the mat. They trust you and they are also used to your voice. They can definitely use a second brain in their corner who observes the fight from the outside.
Use short calls. “Pressure with right shoulder”, “get knee on belly”, “standup” and so on… Always try to use positive calls. For our brain it is sometimes hard to hear “not” or negative instructions. So try to use positive instructions. – For example “do not get swept” could be changed to “keep your balance” or “stay on top”.
As a Coach you should be a help for your fighter. This means any behavior that adds extra stress to the athlete has to be avoided.
The instructor is responsible to prepare his students according to the rule set of the tournament. If you do not know the rules how can you find the right strategy? On every tournament I have been so far, I saw coaches shouting with the referee because they did not know the rules.
What we do is called BJJ. Not MMA, not Judo, not wrestling and we have specific rule sets according to the event (IBJJF/ADCC/EBI) and it is the coaches’ homework to prepare the students according to the rule set. Which techniques are legal, which are forbidden? How could I get disqualified? I respect all referees who have to deal with angry coaches who do not know the rules! If BJJ is not your main sport, please do not believe that you can do anything which is allowed in our sport in a BJJ event. Again, it is not the referees’ fault when you did not to your job!!!
Not coachable students
Good coaches take responsibility when they did something wrong in the preparation of his fighters. But good fighters also take responsibility when they lost because of a mistake they did and do not blame their coach! (For example, they did not work enough for their conditioning and the coach told him already 5 month ago that he has to improve his endurance before anything else). I always tell my students that it is my fault when they could not defend a submission because they did not know the submission at all. What you do not know you cannot defend. Sometimes this can be we very hard too when new athletes compete with a modern BJJ game against your students. But I prefer my students getting a good base first and probably cannot defend a berimbolo at their first tournament but know how to defend basic attacks and escape the basic positions. Of course I take it as my responsibility when they lose too, but on the other side I am responsible for their process as well. And this means basics first!!! It is definitely better to have a hard time competing in the beginning and later it is getting easier. If you only use modern techniques which white belts do not know in the beginning you can win a lot of tournaments in an early stage but later on it is going to be harder because the other beginners improve too. Do not build your game on sand, build it on a solid and strong base.
Rethink everything you do and do not take anything carved-out-of-stone.
Standing and coaching from the sideline I really like to hear my opponents Coach too. When I understand his coaching I know already what they are trying to attack. Having a different language or different words for certain situations can be very helpful. The problem is you do not compete abroad all the time. In another country it is easy and the opponent normally does not understand you.
One tactic could be to use a certain terminology which not everyone understands: for example go back and use Judo terminology. Ashi Waza (leg techniques) or Shime Waza (choking technics) can help to use to hide your next coaching calls. I think Judo techniques are great because they are much more precise. In BJJ we are not so precise –for example: Side Control is Kesa Katame, Ushiro Kesa Gatame, 100 Kilo or even Knee on Belly…. In Judo there is a term for every different position and technique and most schools or Professor do not spent the time thinking about a different language and terminology at all they just use the usual terminologies.
“Go to 69 position” or “put your dick on his face” are in my eyes calls which should be avoided because you make your art down. You want regular people to train with you, you want to improve people’s lives with your art, and this means also you have to use an accurate academic language. The students are always a mirror of the coach and the way he behaves most of the time. When you coach everybody can see and hear you. In BJJ we say you cannot hide yourself, you always express yourself and the same occurs even more when you are coaching and screaming on the sideline where everyone can hear you.
Does the Coach need to compete?
Can you teach a language if you do not speak it by yourself? Can you teach a move which you did not practice and understand yourself? The answer is NO!
I think a Coach or Professor needs to compete to understand the game, the art, the competition situation and the pressure students are facing in a tournament. But you definitely can be a great Professor or Coach without being a world champion by yourself.
BJJ as I train it for myself is for sport competition. I am not an expert on BJJ for pure Self-defense. There are definitely better instructors out there. I know the basic for Self-defense but my focus is sport BJJ for Gi and NoGi. I also know basic MMA Grappling but I am definitely not an expert on this field either. I can help my students’ lives when I improve their training in BJJ and at the same time I try to work on their personal development as a person. In life we always have to overcome challenges and that’s why sports can help us in many fields. Being now a Professor for a team I need to work much more on myself to improve my school and students. Helping them to win a tournament, looking in their eyes after a hard few month of preparation is really satisfying.
Success as a martial arts teacher is not about producing cool looking moves for YouTube, it is by improving my students’ lives in a positive way (improve their self-esteem, their feeling of security, fitness, health and so on). Success as a business man, running a BJJ school, is when I can have a good quality of live for me and my family and on the competition sport side I am successful when I can produce champions.
by Prof. Martin Guggi
Thinking about BJJ every day and teaching this amazing Art to my students is amazing for me. For me as an instructor I see the biggest challenge in breaking the principals and techniques down for them and teach in a systematic, methodical way. This makes it easier for my students to absorb the techniques and get better in a shorter period of time.
The problem is that there are so many fields which you should master. You do not need to master all of them but you have to know at least a little bit about the specific of the certain situation.
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu:
|1. Close Guard
2. Open Guards
Collar and Sleeve
Deep Half Guard
|Passes||1. Pass Close Guard
2. Pass Open Guard
3. Pass before any contact – speed Passing
|Leglocks||1. Straight Ankle Lock
3. Toe Hold
Because of this big amount of situations our methodical way of teaching needs to be precise to save a time.
We know already that we have a positional hierarchy in BJJ! We also know that we have a Guard hierarchy in BJJ – starting with the Guard forms where you control more distance. If you do not know about them please check out our other articles. We also know that we could use mini systems to get the submission – e.g. Kimura Trap System, Straight Jacket System, Ashi Garami System. All of these sub systems have the control in common to get the submission.
You often hear “Position before Submission” – but this is wrong because you limit yourself to positions! It is “Control before Submission”!!!! (John Danaher)
If you know how to control your opponent then you get closer to the submission. But we can never forget, that a position can bring you points – according to the rule set – Ashi Garami Systems or Kimura Trap not – but your chances are bigger to get the submission.
But today I want to focus on Guard passing to make it easier to understand and to have a guide to follow when you train!
Before we start we need to address the differences between the situations when to use guard passing.
From these Guard situations number 1 and 2 are the most used in a competition. The fight starts and
1. You take your partner down and can pass his guard right away or
2. You pull guard and after you sweep your partner you try to pass right away.
3. If these to plans fail we get stuck in our Partners guard and need to find a way to pass or need to protect our Guard to not get passed and try to get a sweep. 80% of your game we will try to pass or to get a sweep. All these situations can also lead to control and submit right away. If we are allowed to attack the legs, leglocks are very useful.
4. As written before some of these leglock hunters are amazing in leg attacks. In submission only events you do not need to waste your energy trying to pass if you go for leglocks. But because even there people evolve and get so good in defending leglocks that you have to find another way to attack and that’s why you need to connect leglocks with guard passes.
5. When we roll at the gym very often one guy starts on his butt and the other one is standing. This is a save way to train because you start to fight after the takedown but then you will never learn how to take someone down or pull guard. But according to the rules, sitting down is very often possible.
When you roll you realize that there are 3 Distances of Passing.
5 main PASSING Techniques:
These are your main passes which you can connect from almost any Guard forms. Even after you open your partner’s legs in the close Guard you will be able to use these main Guardpasses. If you manage to learn them you will also have the possibility to connect them if one is not working and the partner is defending – use another one of them. (Keenan Cornelius calls this Cain Passing)
I saw my students being confused learning new passes because there are so many of them. But in the end there are only these 5 and of course many variations of them but your body is always doing the same moves which you learn from these 5 basic passes.
I hope I could help to understand the puzzle of the Guard Passes better with this article. If you have any feedback please contact me right away: firstname.lastname@example.org
Not everyhting i write is developed or created from me. I have to give credits to all my teachers and also from a lot of people i could learn over the internet – John Danaher, Keenan Corlenius, Caio Terra and so many more. I am only standing on the shoulders of these pioniers and i do not want to take any credit for the staff they created. My goal is to put everything together in a way people can learn faster and in a more methodical way.
Have fun and keep passing!!!
by Prof. Martin Guggi – in cooperation with Prof. Bert Obernosterer and Coach Markus Miedel
I wrote about weight training before! Again, I want to say that I am not against weight training – in the end I am a big fan of it, but this does not mean that I would suggest weight lifting right away to everyone.
No one should feel ashamed because he or she is strong. In any sport, and of course also in BJJ it is only a benefit if your physical condition is well developed! We always tell our students not to roll with muscles and instead focus more on technique. But we all know that a strong student with some technical skills can be a very big challenge!!! BJJ should work also without strength and as we evolve we should start trusting and focusing more and more on technical details than on strength. If your technique works because you are stronger than you did not understand BJJ. In the end techniques should always win and our techniques should work more and more without using muscle and focusing on the right body distribution, the right timing, the right angle, the right speed and so on… but of course this is not always the case. And we have to admit, that muscle power can help our technique a lot – even if it is a shortcut sometimes.
Watching high level BJJler I feel that the smaller ones apply the principles of BJJ better than the bigger ones – because they have too! They cannot take the shortcut using power instead of details – especially when they roll with more heavier and stronger guys often. Some of them get so good that even with a small body and less muscles they are able to submit bigger and stronger opponents. But not everybody is going to become such a technical skilled wizard on the mat and for some of us – even me – the goal to dominate stronger opponents will always be a goal to look up too but perhaps we will never reach this level.
Before we think about weight lifting we should start to improve other aspects before… what we often neglect.
Training your mind
Training your technique
Training your muscles
The strongest weapon we have is our brain. In the brain we can choose our attitude and our mindset and this two tools are much more important than muscle power. How often did you train and develop your attitude, how often did you think about the right mindset you have when you spar, drill and train. How often did you think about tapping and why you lost – sometimes not because of technical weaknesses but because you trained with the wrong mindset and attitude.
One day I was a conditioning coach for an Austrian ice hockey team. There was a player who was a big fan of weightlifting and looked with 16 years already like a rock. But during the game he was afraid to go against the other players of the other teams. He did not check them and attack with his amazing physic. But his co players who were much smaller and weaker than him did. So his muscle did not help him at all because he did not have the right mindset. And one day he had to stop playing because of this… But of course the smaller payers used muscle power too… but had to develop more technique and for sure had a better mindset than the big strong guy.
The same we are talking about muscle power can be said about flexibility, cardio and explosiveness. These are all great genetic gifts but if you do not bring your technique to a maximum then you invest too much time in the wrong part of the game.
If you do have fun training and enjoy being on the mat every day then you have an amazing gift. If you have the right attitude and mindset of training and living your life nothing will stop you. Develop your techniques to a maximum and after this start supporting your body and your techniques with muscle, flexibility or anything else and you are going to have a successful journey in BJJ and in life!!!